CSC 240: Computer Graphics

Lab 10: Texture Mapping


In this lab we will practice texture mapping in WebGL. Texture mapping using existing images is an efficient way to make our scenes more realistic. For this lab, please work with your randomly assigned partner. Homework 8 will build on the concepts from this lab.

Note: I would recommend Safari or Firefox for this lab - in the latest version of Chrome the security settings can make importing images difficult.

Credit: modified from this blog post by Greg Stier.

Step 0: Open the code

Download lab10.html and change the three.min.js path. When you open this file in a web browser, you should see a blue rotating cube:


This cube has a Phong material, which is made up of several components, including a "shininess" which can often make objects look more "3D". Notice the direction of the lighting, the size/position of the cube, and the animation aspect to make the cube rotate.

For this lab we will use several textures. Download the textures here and put them in the same folder as the lab code.


Step 1: Use one texture

In the first step, we will use one image to texture the cube. Use the code below to change the blue cube to a wooden cube:

var woodTexture = THREE.ImageUtils.loadTexture("wood.jpg");
var woodMaterial = new THREE.MeshPhongMaterial( { map: woodTexture } );

// replace cube creation with:
cube = new THREE.Mesh(geometry, woodMaterial);
You might get a warning that the texture is not a "power of 2", meaning that the number of pixels is not a power of 2, which is desirable for texture mapping. We'll ignore this for now, the image should still work.

Step 2: Texture on each face

Next we will create a material for each of the 6 images, and map one to each face. Use the same style of code above for the grass, apple, etc. Then create a list of all these materials:

var materials = [woodMaterial, appleMaterial, wallpaperMaterial, 
      skyMaterial, grassMaterial, stoneMaterial];

// replace cube creation with:
cube = new THREE.Mesh(geometry, new THREE.MeshFaceMaterial(materials));
You should get something that looks like this:


Step 3: UV mapping

Lastly, comment out the cube and try texture mapping a pyramid. To set up the pyramid geometry, we'll use very similar code to what we did before with vertices and faces:

// set up the geometry for our pyramid
var pyramidGeom = new THREE.Geometry();
pyramidGeom.vertices = [  // array of Vector3 giving vertex coordinates
  new THREE.Vector3( 1, 0, 1 ),    // vertex number 0
  new THREE.Vector3( 1, 0, -1 ),   // vertex number 1
  new THREE.Vector3( -1, 0, -1 ),  // vertex number 2
  new THREE.Vector3( -1, 0, 1 ),   // vertex number 3
  new THREE.Vector3( 0, 1, 0 )     // vertex number 4
pyramidGeom.faces = [  // array of Face3 giving the triangular faces
  new THREE.Face3( 3, 2, 1),  // one half of the bottom face
  new THREE.Face3( 3, 1, 0),  // second half of the bottom face
  new THREE.Face3( 3, 0, 4),  // remaining faces are the four sides
  new THREE.Face3( 0, 1, 4),
  new THREE.Face3( 1, 2, 4),
  new THREE.Face3( 2, 3, 4)

Then we will map each face to a set of UV coordinates of the texture. First define a set of UV coordinates to use. Then for each of the 6 faces, choose from these UV coordinates to build up the texture.

// set up several uv coordinates to repeatedly use below
var uvcoords = [new THREE.Vector2(0, 0), ...];

// erase any previous face coordinates
pyramidGeom.faceVertexUvs[0] = [];

// write one line for each of the 6 faces
pyramidGeom.faceVertexUvs[0].push([uvcoords[0], uvcoords[1], uvcoords[2]]); // example

// create the pyramid using the apple texture
pyramid = new THREE.Mesh( pyramidGeom, appleMaterial);
pyramid.position.z = ?;
Think about ways to map the apple to this pyramid, maybe something like below. Could you do it in a different way?

Change the rotating object to the pyramid instead of the cube. Can you make the bottom of the pyramid look like a complete apple?

Finish Up

You do not have to turn this lab in, but make sure both you and your pair programming partner have a copy by the end of the lab. Homework 8 will continue the concepts in this lab.